Upper Svaneti, Georgia

In the Caucasus Mountain, is located the Ushguly community that constitutes the human settlement with the highest location in the European territory. Characterized by their medieval features, the cluster of villages that constitutes the World Heritage Site, represented the ultimate defensive point of the Georgian Kingdoms, taking advantage of the harsh climate and difficult access conditions against foreigner invaders. The traditional constructions still reveal the inhabitants’ rough living conditions, devoted to cattle breeding and subsistence agriculture, and permanently engaged in war conflicts.

The belligerent culture is one of the most idiosyncratic traces of the Svan region, from which the defensive towers, with their schist stone roofs and machicolated parapets, constitute the most iconic architectural element.

Tower (Kokshi) 3D Model


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Chazhashi model

Murkmeli model

Tamar's Tower hill model

Tower (Kokshi)


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Tower (Kokshi


East Hill


Restored Tower

Tower House

Murkmeli's Ruins cloudpoint

Tower-house cloudpoint


Learn more about Upper Svaneti, Georgia

Ushguli Historical Context
Ushguli Geographical Context
Settlement Scale and Aggregation Dynamics
Tower Typological Description
Fortified Dwelling or Tower-House Typological Description
Dwelling (Machvbi) Typological Description
Ushguli’s Traditional Construction Description
Queen Tamar

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Images about Upper Svaneti, Georgia